EAR CARE MEDICAL CENTER is the ONE OF THE MOST ADVANCE CENTER IN DUBAI,UAE having all kind of General ENT, Hearing, Balance, Speech & Rehabilitation services under one roof.
Speech Language and voice disorders can affect people of all age group. In this the evaluation is the first step. Based on the evaluation the Therapist will counsel the step ahead on how to proceed further, Speech and language therapists (SLT) are a highly trained professional who assess and treat speech, language and communication problems in people of all ages to help them better communicate. They’ll also work with people who have eating and swallowing problems. We provide Speech Language and voice therapy for all age groups in ARABIC & ENGLISH. We help them to be a part of Normal mainstream and overcome the hurdles faced by them due to various disorders.
Delayed Speech & Language development:
Children’s speech and language development follows a typical pattern. For example, at first birth day the normal children speak at least one meaningful word, at the age of 2 years they should able to combined two words and at the age of 3years expected to speak in sentences. The deviation in such pattern is considered as delayed speech and language. Speech language pathologist administers some speech and language test on the child. Also take an interview of the parents related to speech language development and case history of the problem and speech mechanism examination of the child. Based on collected information, comparing with the normative for that age group, they will diagnose the problem. Based on diagnostic report individual therapy plan are prepared. Therapy session can be about 45 minutes and 2-3 times in a week based on the severity of the problem. Usually Parents are asked to observe the speech therapy session so that they can learn and continue the home training program.
The child is not able to speak as he is not able to hear causing delay in speech and Language development. Post Hearing aid fitting or cochlear implant fitting auditory training and speech therapy is most important step for the overall speech & language development of the child.
Articulation is the process by which sounds are formed when your tongue, jaw, teeth, lips, and palate alter the air stream coming from the vocal folds. Sounds are learned in an orderly sequence. Some sounds, such as “p,” “m,” and “b,” are learned as early as 1 year of age. Other sounds, like “s,” “r,’ and “l,” often are not completely mastered until the early school years. The speech language pathologist teaches the place and manner of articulation for the affected/misarticulated speech sounds. They will also work on auditory processing for those sounds. By early intervention we can make the person absolutely normal.
Fluency Disorder (Stammering/ Stuttering)
The stammering/stuttering is the fluency disorder of speech and is characterized by disruptions in the production of speech sounds. Speech Language Pathologists teach people who stutter to control and/or monitor the rate at which they speak. They may also learn to control or monitor their breathing. When learning to control speech rate, people often begin by practicing smooth, fluent speech at rates that are much slower than typical speech, using short phrases and sentences. Over time, people learn to produce smooth speech at faster rates, in longer sentences, and in more challenging situations until speech sounds both fluent and natural. “Follow-up” or “maintenance” sessions are often necessary after completion of formal intervention to prevent relapse.
A voice disorder is an abnormality of one or more of the three characteristics of voice: pitch, intensity (loudness), and quality (resonance). Some disorders of voice quality are related to how the vocal cords function: breathiness is caused by vocal cord vibration that does not have a closed phase, while hoarseness is caused by vocal cords that are closed too tightly, so they cannot vibrate properly. Other disorders are related to how the voice resonates in the oral (mouth), nasal (nose), and pharyngeal (throat) cavities. If the nasal passage becomes blocked such as with a cold, then air is unable to reach the nasal cavity and a voice sounds hyponasal. Hypernasality results when too much air passes through the nasal cavities during phonation. The common voice disorders are: Puberphonia, Vocal fold nodules, Vocal fold cysts, Vocal cord paresis, Reinke’s edema, Spasmodic dysphonia, Laryngitis, Vocal abuse, Vocal misuse.
Autism is a disorder of neural development characterized by impaired social interaction and verbal and non-verbal communication, and by restricted, repetitive or stereotyped behavior. The diagnostic criteria require that symptoms become apparent before a child is three years old.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD, similar to hyperkinetic disorder in the ICD-10) is a psychiatric disorder of the neuro-developmental type in which there are significant problems of attention and/or hyperactivity and acting impulsively that are not appropriate for a person’s age. These symptoms must begin by age six to twelve and be present for more than six months for a diagnosis to be made. In school-aged individuals the lack of focus may result in poor school performance.
Aphasia is a language disorder that results from damage to the parts of the brain that contain language. Aphasia causes problems with any or all of the following: speaking, listening, reading, and writing. Some people with aphasia have trouble using words and sentences (expressive aphasia). Some have problems understanding others (receptive aphasia). Others with aphasia struggle with both using words and understanding (global aphasia). There are many types of treatment available for individuals with aphasia. The type of treatment depends on the needs and goals of the person with aphasia.
Dysarthria (‘dys’ meaning abnormal or difficult; ‘arthr’ meaning articulating) is a motor speech disorder resulting from neurological injury of the motor component of the motor-speech system and is characterized by poor articulation of phonemes. In other words, it is a condition in which problems effectively occur with the muscles that help produce speech, often making it very difficult to pronounce words.
Oral Motor Disorders
Weak Tounge and or Lip Muscles
Auditory Verbal Therapy (for Cochlear Implant)
This is a specialized therapy designed to teach a child to use the Hearing aid or Cochlear Implant for understanding speech and learning to talk. In this specialized tailor made plans are created based on the individual’s developmental, hearing Level and Parent’s guidance.
What will be done in your first SLP visit?
The first visit of SLP includes an evaluation which consists of detailed history, voice or video recording, language assessment using one or more standardized tests. The SLP will ask you questions about you/your child’s medical and developmental history. Be prepared to share about your problem/your child’s communication milestones. If available make sure you bring all old reports, assessment and earlier medical history reports. The SLP might refer you to the General ENT, Audiologist for Hearing or psychological Assessment if required.