Electrotherapy is a form of non –invasive medical treatment, that uses small electrical impulses to repair tissue, stimulate muscles and increase sensations and improve muscle strength.
There are different forms of electrotherapy (commonly used):
• Interferential therapy
• Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
• Galvanic muscle stimulation
Ultrasound uses sound waves to accelerate the healing process, while interferential therapy and TENS reduce pain by manipulating the nerves which reduces the sensation of pain and produces a tingling kind of sensation. The mild electric current generates heat to relieve stiffness, improve mobility, relieve pain and improve circulation. It helps stimulate the production of endorphins or natural pain killers.
The current which is delivered through electrodes which are temporarily attached on the skin in various patterns, depending on the specific condition and treatment goals. What makes electrotherapy suitable for any individual is that the devices can be set in a wide range of frequencies and intensities, depending on patient preferences, desired sensations and treatment goals.
Electrotherapy can help provide relief from:
• Carpal tunnel syndrome
• Sports injuries
• Post –operative pains
• Plantar fasciitis
• Tennis elbow
• Acute and chronic joint pains
• Neuropathies etc.
The pain is caused by Trigger points which are irritable, hard “knots” within a muscle which lead to difficulty in performing everyday tasks. Pain arising out of trigger points are sometimes called myofascial pain syndrome.
Dry needling is a specialized treatment which helps relieve such pain. The technique involves a very thin needle being pushed through the skin to stimulate a trigger point. Dry needling works by releasing the tight muscle bands associated with trigger points which ultimately lead to decreased pain and improved function. The aim of Dry Needling is to achieve a local twitch response to release muscle tension and pain.
Research supports that dry needling improves pain control, reduces muscle tension, normalizes biochemical and electrical dysfunction of motor endplates, and facilitates an accelerated return to active rehabilitation.
Common problems treated are:-
• Acute/Chronic injuries
• Neck/Back pain
• Muscle Spasms
• Hip/Knee pain
• Tennis/Golfer’s Elbow
• Patella Femoral Pain Syndrome
• Overuse injuries, etc.
Kinesio Taping is a definitive rehabilitative taping technique that is designed to facilitate the body’s natural healing process while providing support and stability to muscles and joints without restricting the body’s range of motion, as well as providing extended soft tissue manipulation to prolong the benefits of manual therapy administered within the clinical setting.
By targeting different receptors within the somatosensory system, it alleviates pain and facilitates lymphatic drainage by microscopically lifting the skin. Kinesio Tape can be applied in many different ways and has the ability to re-educate the neuromuscular system, reduce pain and inflammation, optimize performance, prevent injury and promote good circulation and healing, and assist in returning the body to homeostasis.
Kinesio Taping can be used in conjunction with a multitude of other treatments and can be applied to patients of any age and condition. It is effective during the rehabilitative and chronic phases of an injury as well as being used for preventative measures.
Conditions treated by Kinesio Taping:
- Ankle Sprains
• Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
• Medial/Lateral Epicondylitis
• Plantar Fasciitis
• Hallux Valgus
• Lymphedema & Chronic Swelling
• Impingement syndrome
• Neck & Back Pain
• Patella Tendonitis
• Shin Splints
• Muscle Spasm
Deep Tissue Therapy
Myofascial Release is a safe and very effective hands-on technique that involves applying gentle sustained pressure into the Myofascial connective tissue restrictions.
The technique focuses on pain believed to arise from myofascial tissues — the tough membranes that wrap, connect and support your muscles.
From overuse and trauma myofascia can tear and adhere together, these adhesions are called “trigger points” and can prevent the muscles from working well. Trigger points lead to an increase in muscle stiffness and tenderness and a decrease in range of motion. In addition, discomfort from the trigger points can radiate to areas away from the adhesion.
During myofascial release therapy, the therapist locates myofascial areas that feel stiff and fixed instead of elastic and movable under light manual pressure. The focused manual pressure and stretching used in myofascial release therapy loosen up restricted movement, leading indirectly to reduced pain.
Physiotherapy rehabilitation aims to optimize patient function and well-being, to help integrate that patient back into their chosen lifestyle activities whether at home, work or leisure.
A musculoskeletal rehabilitation program is designed for people with impairments or disabilities due to disease, disorders, or trauma to the muscles or bones. Musculoskeletal rehabilitation programs can often improve functional capacity, reduce symptoms, and improve the well-being of the patient.
• Tendon tears, such as Achilles tendon injuries and tears of the rotator cuff in the shoulder
• Trauma injuries, such as sprains, strains, joint dislocations, and fractures
• Back pain
• Repetitive stress injuries, such as tendonitis and carpal tunnel syndrome
• Post surgical ,such as ACL repair, Total hip or knee replacement
• Exercise programs to improve range of motion, increase muscle strength, improve flexibility and mobility, and increase endurance
• Gait (walking) retraining and methods of safe ambulation (including the use of a walker, cane, or crutch)
• Pain management
• Ergonomic assessments and work-related injury prevention
• Patient and family education and counselling
Neurological Rehabilitation is a program which aims to aid recovery from a nervous system injury, and to minimize and/or compensate for any functional alterations resulting from it.
• Strokes ,subdural hematoma, and transient ischemic attacks (TIAs)
• Meningitis, encephalitis, polio, and brain abscesses
• Brain and spinal cord injury
• Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
• Therapeutic exercise and balance activities
• Gait Training with use of assistive equipment/devices
• Splinting, bracing and the use of specialized therapy equipment
• Neurological re-education of movement and activity patterns
• Compensatory techniques and strategies
• Joint range of motion , strengthening and endurance
• Transfer training (sit to stand , wheelchair to bed or chair, floor to stand)
• Orthotics management
• Patient and family education